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What
strategy can be used to problem solve with parents and children?
A-setting
expectations
B-playing
pretend
C- RERUN
D-changing
negative messages to positive ones

Self-
calming _________ and playing pretend are means children use to cope with their
feelings.
A-behaviors
B-emotions
C-satisfaction
D-expression

Scaffolding
is a term that is used in early childhood development. Which of the following
is true about scaffolding?
A-The term
relates to Vygotsky’s notion of assisted performance
B-Vygotsky
believed that only adults should assist performance
C-Adults
should avoid scaffolding and let children solve problems on their own to
increase their self esteem

Which of the
following BEST describes social referencing?
A-It should
always be avoided
B-It is a
way adults can calm children fears or warn them of danger
C-It is a
way of disempowering children and making them feel small
D-It is a
filing system in some schools

How can
adults help children cope with fears?
A-By liking
up a brave, gentle, outgoing child with the one who is fearful
B-By telling
them not to be afraid
C-By
disregarding their feelings
D-By
refusing to label the feeling

When
children ae sad or angry why may some adults react strongly?
A-Because
those adults are in-mature
B-Because a child
may mirror a deep pain or anger inside the adult
C-Because
those adults do not know any better
D- Because
those adults haven’t been trained well enough to always hide their feelings

What is the
basis of the significance dimension of self-esteem?
A-The
individual’s academic ability
B-A feeling
of being loved and cared about
C-How
important the person is on the power dimension

Which of the
following is true about self-esteem?
A-It is
culturally based
B-It is same
across all cultures
C-It only
relates to children seeing themselves as individuals
D-It is not
as important as the self-image of the child

What
develops when a child is given a realistic appraisal of pluses and minuses and
the child decides that he/she has more positive attributes that negative ones
A-High
self-image
B-High
self-actualization
C-High self-
concept
D-High self-esteem

Where is the
first place a child learns to react to a feeling?
A-At school
with the teacher
B-At home
with family members
C-At school
with peers
D-At home on
the television

Children
need more honest feedback and encouragement. Constant overblown_____is no cure
for low self esteem
A-dimension
B-feedback
C-happiness
D-praise

All the
following are examples of ways of expressing feelings that are acceptable to
some adults and not to others EXCEPT
A-yelling
and screaming
B-stating
negative wishes or imagining violent happenings
C-taking out
anger symbolically such as pounding pillows
D-name
calling and using obscenities

Self-
perception must relate ______ to contribute to self-esteem
A-dimensions
B-reality
C-happiness
D-praise

A family
that focuses on interdependence does which of the following?
A-regards
connections to the group as very important
B-teaches
children to put themselves first
C-emphasizes
early self- help skills
D-stresses
individuality

Which of the
following is not suggested to promote self-esteem in young children?
A-Give
children opportunities to experience success
B-Allow
children to experience failure sometimes as a means of feedback
C-Praise everything
children do even if you do not mean it

A
kindergarten teacher said, “I see how angry you are,” It really makes you mad
when she grabs your doll” Which of the following did the teacher demonstrate?
A-Redirecting
the energy and helping the child get it out
B-Accepting
the labeling the feeling
C-Calming
the energy soothing the chaos
D-Teaching
problem solving

What is
failure?
A-It is a
good feedback device
B-It is
always to be avoided because a harms self-esteem
C-It is
something adults should protect children from
D-It is
something that gives the child a negative self- image

Which of the
following BEST describes Susan Issacs’s advice to parents about teaching
children healthy expression of feelings?
A-It
believes that determination, obstinacy, and outbursts of temper are normal, and
it takes patience to socialize children
B-It is
outdated today
C-Children
do not need patience, they need a strong hand to make them obedient
D-Parents
need to display when they are upset with a child for the child to understand
how feelings can be hurt

Training
children in ______ and helping them visualize themselves feeling brave in
situations that scare them is an approach to help children cope with fears
A-behaviors
B-emotions
C-relaxation
D-expression
Which of the
following is a way adults can help children deal with fears?
A-Ignore
them and wait for the fear to go away
B-Force them
to confront whatever they are afraid of no matter how unwilling they are
C-Help them
play out their fears
D-Do not
take their fears seriously

What do the
two Rs in the RERUN process stand for?
A-Responsible
and responsive
B-Respect
and responsibility
C-Reflect
and reason
D-Responsibility
and reaction

What
language is being used when your body and hands are positioned in a certain
manner?
A-Defensive
language
B-Closed
language
C-Body
language
D-Open
language

Toilet
training can be used as an example of what?
A-Ignorance
on the part of parents who train early
B-The
superior training of the teacher who understands “readiness” issues
C-Two
different perspectives that may be cultural
D-A power
struggle between the parent and the child

When a child
attends an early care or education program they may take on another culture
this can be described as?
A-Bilingual
B-Biracial
C-Bicultural
D-Bivalues

In the story
about Carla and Cody, characteristics of parents who abuse their children
include which of the following?
A-Being of a
low-income level
B-Being
isolated and having unrealistic expectations of their children
C-Lacking
love for their children
D-Having a
shy personality

When
disciplining, it is vital to look at your goals and
A-approach
B-environment
C-feedback
D-motives

When working
with a family member using the RERUN strategy, a teacher tries to see the
situation from both points of view and can explore it clearly without
defensiveness or judgements. Then, the teacher is ready to see if they and the
other person can find common ground. Which part for the RERUN strategy is the
teacher implementing?
A-Understand
B-Explain
C-Negotiate
D-Reflect

When does a
child begin his or her cultural learning?
A-At birth
B-As he or
she begins to speak
C-At school
D-As he or
she begins socializing with peers

Which of the
following BEST exemplifies physical punishment (spanking)?
A-It is
legal in child care programs
B-It is
likely to make the child fearful or angry or cause resentment
C-It is the
best approach to changing undesirable behavior
D-It is
likely to enhance the “teachable moment”

Which of the
following described pattern 1?
A-Generalizing
about cultures create stereotypes?
B-Everybody
in a given culture is alike
C-The group
is seen as more important than the individual
D-People are
valued as unique individuals starting at birth

Which of the
following is true of the consequences approach to discipline?
A-It should
be implemented across all cultures
B-It
involves choices
C-It is the
same as punishment
D-It
involves negative consequences

What is the
difference between a dialogue and an argument?
A-The arguer
tells and the dialoguer asks.
B-The arguer
tries to persuade and the dialoguer seeks to learn
C-The arguer
tries to convince and the dialoguer wants to discover
D-All of the
above are correct

One problem
with _____ is the negativity that accompanies it, when the adult uses it to get
even with the child
A-approach
B-environment
C-feedback
D-punishment

When is it
appropriate to ignore a child’s behavior?
A-When it is
used as an attention getting behavior
B-When the
teacher is busy
C-When the
other children are busy
D-When the
parent is in the room

Which of the
following BEST describes discipline?
A-It is the
time same as guidance
B-It must be
harsh to work
C-It works
all the time with every child if you find the right method
D-It is to
be avoided

All of the
following are suggestions that follow for working on cross-cultural
communication as inspired by Louise Derman-Sparks EXCEPT
A-build
relationships
B-know
others
C-work to
bring differences out in the open
D-problem
solve

Working to
build a _____ is an important means of communicating across cultural
differences
A-development

B-dialog
C-relationship
D-family

Guidelines
for disciplining young children include which of the following?
A-Building
good relationships
B-Staying
out of relationships with them
C-Telling
them what to do, but not telling them why
D-Punish
consistently

Much of
unacceptable behavior needs to be
A-ignored
B-negatively
reinforced
C-punished
D-redirected

During
dialogue if you position your body with your hands across your chest and stand
rigid it may show the other person that you are
A-defensive
B-closed
C-open
D-not
listening

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