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Question 1.
1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6) The idea that the
assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed simply at the
patient’s direction reflects what type of ethics? (Points : 5)
Hobbes’ State of Nature
Rand’s Objectivism
Aristotle’s concept of Virtue
Thomas Aquinas’ concept of conscience
Socrates’ concept of excellence

Question 2.
2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of justice? (Points : 5)
Acts of mercy beyond what is required
Making decisions in order to build
Meeting legal requirements
Evaluation of situations according to
their merits
Meeting the terms of the Social Contract

Question 3.
3. (TCOs 1, 2) One of the common errors in Ethics is unwarranted assumptions.
Unwarranted assumptions consist of what? (Points : 5)
Preconceptions before ethical dilemmas
are confronted
Failing to read carefully and with
attention to detail
Taking too much for granted
Speculating apart from information
Treating case studies carelessly

Question 4.
4. (TCO 2) Prescriptive language is
commonly used in ethics for what reason? (Points : 5)
To indicate what is prohibited or
To indicate that one choice is better
than others
To show what actions are legal
To convey requirements and obligations
To indicate that there are really no
choices available

Question 5.
5. (TCOs 7, 8) Each person ought to do whatever will best promote his or her
own interests. (Points : 5)
Kant’s Categorical Imperative
Social Contract Theory
Ethical Egoism

Question 6.
6. (TCOs 2, 4, 9) Free people are motivated toward forming social structures
according to a social contract in order to overcome what problem identified by
Thomas Hobbes? (Points : 5)
The need to overcome disagreements
A perpetual state of warfare
The establishment of a monarchy
Taxation to support the costs of
Organized ways to select leaders

Question 7.
7. (TCOs 3, 6) The Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) was created through a congressional enabling act as a
governmental agency to act on the concerns voiced by environmental ethicists.
Their actions include which of the
following? (Points : 5)
Subpoena regulation offenders
Monitor situations of environmental
Fine offenders
Sponsor new legislation on environmental
All of the above.

Question 8.
8. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) The notion that the
only thing good without qualification is a good will is attributed to whom?
(Points : 5)
St. Thomas Aquinas
John Locke
Immanuel Kant
Oliver Cromwell

Question 9.
9. (TCOs 8, 9) John Stuart Mill’s theory
of Utilitarianism is the most common form of ethics in use today. It is used so
commonly because it belongs to which of the Primary Schools of Ethics? (Points
: 5)

Question 10.
10. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) What is the purpose of proving whether a syllogism of formal
logic is “valid”? (Points : 5)
To identify the connecting phrase
“therefore” or a synonym of it before proceeding further
To determine whether the situation
described is accurate
To determine whether the premises are
true before continuing
To determine whether the conclusion
proceeds from the premises
To determine that there are only two
premise statements in the syllogism

Question 11.
11. (TCOs 1, 2) Different from normal
problem solving, dilemmas are different in what aspect? (Points : 5)
Problems are much more complicated
When one choice is chosen, the
opportunity for the others is lost
Problems are much more urgent
Problems are so much more real and less
Problems usually involve not honoring
our own virtues

Question 12.
12. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) According to Thomas Aquinas, what ethical capacity do people
of every culture naturally possess? (Points : 5)
Logical thinking
Personal virtues
Ability to learn lessons

Question 13.
13. (TCOs 2, 8) The single criterion for
making decisions in objectivist ethics is what? (Points : 5)
Professional development
Personal self-interest
The physical environment
Financial gain
The close group of family and friends
who will be impacted

Question 14.
14. (TCOs 1, 2, 5) The world view of ruthless and unending competition for
property and wealth was spelled out in which of these concepts? (Points : 5)
Locke’s notion of the natural state of
Rawls’ notion of the veil of ignorance
Aristotle’s notion of the doctrine of
the mean
Hammurabi’s code of law
Hobbes’ state of nature

Question 15.
15. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) Kant’s concern that
people choose to observe universal laws as their duty is expressed through what
actions? (Points : 5)
Their habits
Their maxims
Their desires
Their loves
Their loyalties

Question 16.
16. (TCOs 2, 7, 8) Personal development
and discovery through the repetition of good acts and study of virtue characterizes
what ethicist? (Points : 5)

Question 17.
17. (TCOs 2, 8) Professional codes of
conduct serve what function for business and industry? (Points : 5)
Allow businesses to avoid training
professional staffers
Enable transfer of valued employees
across state lines
Enable contracting of temporary
Specify continuing education needs and
Providing assurance of the professional
qualifications of members

Question 18.
18. (TCOs 2, 7) Aristotle’s Ethical
Doctrine of the Mean measured personal virtues on a scale that included the
virtue itself, the excess of it, and the deficiency of it.
If the
virtue is GENEROSITY, and the excess is WASTEFULNESS, what is the deficiency?
(Points : 5)

There is no deficiency
Being broke (having no money)

Question 19.
19. (TCOs 8, 9) In personal or
organizational conflict, what benefits accrue to all parties when a leader or
consultant employees one of the ethical conflict resolution models of Week 6?
(Points : 5)
Objectives of what winning the conflict
means get refined and better understood
Conflict management gets slowed down and
Conflict can be handled in a sequential,
step-by-step manner
Parties can be reconciled without
solving the issues
Personal relationships can be separated
from issues

Question 20.
20. (TCOs 1, 2) The Latin term a priori
describes the origin of knowledge developed rationally, and the term a
posteriori describes knowledge developed through observation and experience.
What is an example of ethics is best described as discovered in an a priori
manner? (Points : 5)
Utilitarian ethics
Objectivist ethics
Deontological ethics
Political ethics
Scientific ethics1. (TCOs 1, 2, 3, 7) In support of TCO #7 and in the Week 7
discussions, you developed and placed into the threaded discussions your
personalized ethics statement of what has become important to you in the
practice of ethics as you have practiced ethics during the course. Your first
task in this question is to briefly present that personalized statement in just
a few sentences before continuing with the question. Much of the rest of the
exam will involve your working with that personalized statement through brief
applications and cases.
Use your ethical philosophy to solve the following ethical
situation. Explain how your philosophy helped you make your decision.
Should citizens have an ethical obligation to serve their country
when it is at war? Under what circumstances, if any, is it ethical for a person
to refuse to serve?
A significant number of people believe war is always wrong, and
that no circumstances justify one nation’s taking up arms against another. Is this view ethically sound? How about
realistically? Please state which side
you agree with, and why. Explain and defend your position using your ethical
position statement.
In answering, be sure to look at both sides of war: that is, a
country defending itself against aggression and of a strong country coming to
the aid of a weaker country that has been attacked unjustly. Then, explain how your ethical philosophy
affected how you answered this problem.

(Points : 30)
Question 2. 2. (TCOs 1, 2,
7) Analyze the following ethical situation using YOUR ethical philosophy. Read
the situation and then in your answer, explain why this is an ethical
situation, what the “issues” are, and how an “ethical”
person would resolve them. Explain how
YOUR ethical philosophy has helped you reach a conclusion about how to resolve
or analyze this situation.
As a result of the economic down-turn starting in 2008, efficiency
has become more and more the byword of the successful business person. The axioms of the efficiency expert are:
“Eliminate what need not be done; simplify what must be done; combine
tasks wherever possible.”

Putting this into practice means, among other things, eliminating
people’s jobs. Sometimes it also means
making one person do two or three people’s jobs. As company’s gain the upper hand in
employment (when the number of employees wanting good jobs is higher than the
number of good (i.e. high paying) jobs available), they will more and more
expect employees to be willing to work longer hours and to do accomplish more
and varied tasks.
1. Under what circumstances
is it ethical business practices to ask employees to multi-task or do more than
one person’s job?

2. Under what circumstances
is it ethical for an employee to refuse to do more work than can be taken on in
a conventional 40-45 hours per week?

3. Let’s assume that it is
BECAUSE employees are willing to multi-task and do two or three people’s jobs,
that others LOSE their jobs. Who is more
at fault ethically? The employer who requests the extra work from the remaining
employees? Or the employees who are willing to do the extra work, thereby
putting the others who aren’t willing out of work?

Question 3. 3. (TCOs 1, 7, 9) How do you feel Immanuel Kant would
have solved the above ethical situation differently or the same as you did
using your philosophy? Please explain the reasons for the similarities or
differences. (Points : 40)

Question 4. 4. (TCOs 1, 2, 4, 9) Regina is chairperson of her
city’s United Fund campaign. In her
annual preparations meeting with her staff of canvassers, she gives this
advice: “Hit the business places
first. Don’t approach anyone who is walking alone in a hall or working alone in
a closed office. Look for two or more
people standing together or working side by side. Try to make them compete with each other in
generous giving. Capitalize on their
desire to show off and outdo the next person.” She then states that the canvasser who
raises the most money of all will be awarded with a 5% cut of the total amount
that canvasser raises. Her approach pays off and the United Fund raises the
most money ever.
Tell what ethical philosophy Regina is using, if any.
Now, use your ethical philosophy to analyze the situation. Explain how, using your philosophy, you would
have solved this situation either the same way as the character in the
situation did, or differently. Why?

Question 5. 5. (TCOs 5, 6) You are a new employee in an advertising
company. Your client is a well known soup manufacturer who wants to feature in
advertisements a picture showing the solid ingredients in its soup. Unfortunately, your advertising group found
that the solid ingredients sank to the bottom of the bowl and were barely
visible. All that could be seen was the
broth. Your boss hits upon a solution–put marbles in the bottom of the bowl
before pouring in the soup! You try it and the vegetables sit nicely on the
top, giving the appearance of thick soup. Your boss wants you to run with the
project with this solution.
What will you do? Explain
why you will do this and what ethical analysis you used to come to this

Question 6. 6. (TCOs 6, 8) Analyze your answer above using the
Front Page of the Newspaper ethical dilemma resolution model. Show your
steps. (Points : 40)

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