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M1-L1 quiz
Question 1 Which of the following statements about injuries
is true?
Question 2 According to the Global Burden of Disease
classification scheme, which of the following conditions is not a
noncommunicable disease (NCD)?
Question 3 The life expectancy at birth in Sierra Leone is
about 38 years. What can you infer about the population of Sierra Leone?
Question 4 Which term is best used to describe the
proportion of people in a population who have particular disease?
Question 5 Which term is best used to describe new cases of
disease occurring in a population?
Question 6 Which of the following would typically be
classified as an intentional injury?
Question 7 According to the Global Burden of Disease
classification scheme, which of the following conditions is not a
noncommunicable disease (NCD)?
Question 8 According to the Global Burden of Disease
classification scheme, which of the following conditions is not a
neuropsychiatric disorder?
Question 9 Which term is used to describe the absence or
presence of illness or disease?
Question 10 According to the Global Burden of Disease
classification scheme, which of the following conditions is not a
neuropsychiatric disorder?
Question 11 What is the target population for secondary
prevention programs?
Question 12 In 1900, what was the most common cause of death
in the United States?
Question 13 Which type of population is most likely to have
a high fertility rate, high mortality rate, and short life expectancy?
Question 14 Which of the following is an example of primary
prevention?
Question 15 Which term describes a shift toward lower birth
and death rates that occurs as populations experience economic development?
Question 16 Which is not an example of a modifiable risk
factor?
Question 17 Which is not an essential public health service?
Question 18 Which of the following is not a criterion for
causation?
Question 19 Which of the following statements is not true?
Question 20 What is the most common cause of death in the
United States today?

M1 L2 A quiz
Question 1
Which term is best used to describe children with a low
height for their age?
Question 2
Which of the following micronutrient deficiencies is
associated with night blindness?
Question 3
How would a BMI of 17.8 be classified?
Question 4
Which type of nutrient is built from saccharides?
Question 5
Which kind of fat is considered to be most healthy for
inclusion in the human diet?
Question 6
How many calories (kcals) does the average adult need each
day?
Question 7
Which world region has the highest percentage of children
who are underweight?
Question 8
For the typical person, approximately what proportion of
daily calories should come from proteins?
Question 9
Which type of nutrient is built from amino acids?
Question 10
How would a BMI of 27.3 be classified?
Question 11
Which of the following terms describes the total amount of
good and services produced in a country by both national and foreign
corporations?
Question 12
Which of the following terms describes the total income from
selling goods and services produced in a country?
Question 13
Approximately what percentage of the world’s population
lives below the international poverty line of about $1.25 per day?
Question 14
Which of the following statements about prison health is not
true?
Question 15
Which of the following terms is illustrated by the “Big Mac
Index”?
Question 16
Which of the following measures is not included in the
calculation of a country’s human development index?
Question 17
If a country has a Gini index of 72.9, what does it mean?
Question 18
Which of the following statements is true?
Question 19
Which of the following terms describes the total amount of
goods and services produced by a nation’s corporations, either in their home
country or in a foreign location?
Question 20
Which of the following is not a partial explanation for
health disparities between different racial and ethnic populations?

M1 L2 B quiz
Question 1
Which of the following statements most accurately describes
urbanization trends?
Question 2
Which of the following is not considered to be a Category B
bioterror agent?
Question 3
Which of the following is not considered to be a Category A
bioterror agent?
Question 4
Approximately what proportion of cases of intestinal worm
infections are attributable to environmental factors?
Question 5
Which of the following statements most accurately describes
urbanization trends?
Question 6
What best describes food importation practices in the United
States?
Question 7
Which of the following issues would not be expected to result
from global climate change?
Question 8
Which of the following is not a risk factor for emerging
infections?
Question 9
Which statement best describes the conclusions of the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)?
Question 10
Which of the following statements most accurately describes
urbanization trends?
Question 11
During which of phase of the 4 Rs of emergency preparedness
and response should emergency response plans be refined and responders be
trained?
Question 12
Which of the following is not considered to be a critical
need immediately following a natural disaster or other humanitarian incident?
Question 13
Which of the following criteria is not used to evaluate
whether a population has at least minimal access to health care?
Question 14
Which of the following people would be considered to be a
refugee?
Question 15
Which of the following is not included in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights
Question 16
About how much does it cost to create and test one new
medication?
Question 17
Which of the following statements is not included in the
Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization?
Question 18
Which of the following is not included in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights
Question 19
Which United Nations agency has special responsibilities for
education, nutrition, and water/sanitation during international humanitarian
responses?
Question 20 About 16% of the world’s population lives in a
high income country. Approximately what percentage of pharmaceutical sales are
made in high income countries?
M1 L3 quiz
Question 1
Approximately how many people die worldwide each year from
injuries sustained at work?
Question 2
Approximately what percentage of the world’s people has
electricity in their homes?
Question 3
About how much water does a person need each day for
survival purposes (drinking, cooking, hygiene, and cleaning)?
Question 4
Which hazardous substance is (or was) used in thermometers,
dental fillings, batteries, and some ointments?
Question 5
Approximately what proportion of hearing loss is attributed
to workplace hazards?
Question 6
What term describes substances that can cause birth defects?
Question 7
Which of the following is not an example of an improved
drinking water source?
Question 8
Which of the following is not an example of an improved
sanitation source?
Question 9
Which researcher published Diseases of Workers in 1713?
Question 10
Which researcher showed, in 1753, that citrus fruits prevent
scurvy among sailors?

M1 L4 quiz
Question 1
What term best describes the ability of an infectious agent
to cause symptoms of illness among those who are infected?
Answers:
Infectivity
Pathogenicity
Transmissibility
Virulence
Question 2
Which of the following is not a vectorborne infection?
Answers:
Chagas disease
Influenza
Lyme disease
West Nile virus
Question 3
Which of the following respiratory infections is not vaccine
preventable?
Answers:
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
Legionellosis
Pertussis
Pneumococcus
Question 4
Which of the following infectious diseases has a
human-insect-human cycle of infection?
Answers:
Cholera
Lyme disease
Measles
Rabies
Question 5
What term best describes the ability of an infectious agent
to cause severe disease or death?
Answers:
Infectivity
Pathogenicity
Transmissibility
Virulence
Question 6
What type of infectious agent is thought to cause
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD)?
Answers:
Bacterium
Helminth
Prion
Virus
Question 7
What is the World Health Organization’s recommended
treatment approach for malaria?
Answers:
ACT
DOTS
LLIN
PPD
Question 8
Approximately how many years passed between the first cases
of AIDS were diagnosed in the United States and the time that 10 million people
worldwide were living with HIV?
Answers:
10 years
20 years
30 years
Fewer than 10 million people worldwide have had HIV
Question 9
Which of the following is not an effective way to prevent
HIV infection?
Answers:
Abstinence
Condoms
Female circumcision
Monogamy / faithfulness
Question 10
Which world region of the ones listed below has the highest
prevalence (%) of HIV infection among adults 15 to 49 years old?
Answers:
the Americas
East Asia
North Africa and the Middle East
South and Southeast Asia
Question 11
Why is a new influenza vaccine needed every year?
Answers:
Antigenic drift
Antigenic shift
Merozoites
Opportunistic infections (OIs)
Question 12
Besides humans, which animals can become infected with
influenza A?
Answers:
Birds only
Pigs only
Birds and pigs only
Birds, pigs, horses, bats, and other animals
Only humans can become infected with influenza

M2 L2 quiz
Question 1

Which of the following methods of contraception is most
effective at preventing pregnancy?
Answers:
Male condom
Oral contraceptives (the family planning pill)

Vasectomy
Withdrawl method
Question 2

Worldwide, what is the most common cause of disability for
15-24 year old women?
Answers:
Alcohol use
Road traffic accidents

Unipolar depressive disorders
Violence
Question 3

Worldwide, what is the most common cause of death for 15-29
year old women?
Answers:

HIV/AIDS
Maternal hemorrhage
Road traffic accidents
Self-inflicted injuries
Question 4

Which of the following conditions is not more common among
women than men worldwide?
Answers:
Alzheimer’s and other dementias
Autoimmune diseases
Depressive disorder
Vision problems

All are more common among women
Question 5

Which of the following terms best describes the total number
of times a woman has been pregnant?
Answers:
Demography
Fertility

Gravidity
Parity
Question 6

Which global child health initiative, started in the 1970s
by WHO, focused primarily on increasing access to vaccinations?
Answers:

EPI
GOBI
IMCI
PHC
Question 7

Which of the following statements best describes the
recommended treatment for childhood diarrhea?
Answers:
Children with diarrhea should avoid drinking water and other
fluids
Children with diarrhea should be given antibiotics and
encouraged to consume their usual foods and drinks
Children with diarrhea should be given oral rehydration
therapy alone, without food

Children with diarrhea should be given oral rehydration
therapy and encouraged to continue feeding
Question 8

What is the general recommendation for the duration of
exclusive breastfeeding of an infant?

Answers:
1 month
3 months

6 months
12 months to 24 months
Question 9

Which of the following statements about childhood pneumonia
is not true?
Answers:
Antibiotic therapy is an important way to prevent death from
pneumonia
Pneumonia occurs when part of the lungs fills with fluid
The Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine helps
prevent childhood pneumonia
The pneumococcus vaccine helps prevent childhood pneumonia

All of the above statements are true
Question 10

Which are the two most common causes of death worldwide in
post-neonatal children?
Answers:
Diarrhea and measles

Diarrhea and pneumonia
Injuries and HIV
Malaria and HIV
Pneumonia and malaria
Question 11

Which of the following is not a typical symptom of COPD?
Answers:
Asthma
Chronic bronchitis
Emphysema

All of these are common symptoms of COPD
Question 12

What term best describes the process of alveoli in the lungs
becoming distended and inefficient for gas exchange?
Answers:
Asthma
Chronic bronchitis

Emphysema
Pulmonary fibrosis
Question 13

What type of vision problem is characterized by elevated
pressure within the eyeball and a loss of peripheral vision?
Answers:
Cataracts

Glaucoma
Macular degeneration
Presbycusis
Question 14

What is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men worldwide?
Answers:
Brain cancer
Colorectal cancer
Liver cancer

Lung cancer
Question 15
What is a more formal term for a stroke?
Answers:

Cerebrovascular accident
Hypercholesterolemia
Hypertension
Myocardial infarction

M3 L1 quiz
Question 1
Which of the following is not one of the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs)?
Answers:
Develop global partnerships for development
Ensure environmental sustainability
Eradicate HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Improve maternal health
All of the above are MDGs
Question 2
Which of the following is not considered to be a “best buy”
in global public health?
Answers:
Enforcing of traffic regulations to prevent injuries
Preventing and treating childhood diarrhea
Taxing tobacco to reduce smoking
Vaccinating children
All of the above are “best buys”
Question 3
Which of the following is not one of the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs)?
Answers:
Achieve universal primary education
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Promote gender equality and empower women
Reduce child mortality
All of the above are MDGs
Question 4
Which of the following factors should be considered as part
of the evaluation of which public health interventions to implement?
Answers:
Cost-effectiveness analysis
Costs of inaction
Human factors and compassion
Sustainability
All of the above
Question 5
Which of the following is not considered to be a “best buy”
in global public health?
Answers:
Giving pregnant women vitamin A and iron supplements
Promoting condom use to prevent the spread of HIV
Providing insecticide-treated bednets in malaria-endemic
areas
Teaching mothers and birth assistants to keep newborns warm

All of the above are “best buys”
Question 6
About how much would it costs per person per year to
implement an NCD control package (such as promoting physical activity,
increasing access to screening, and providing a polypill to people at risk of heart
disease) in low and middle income countries?
Answers:
$2
$8
$17
$31
Question 7
Which of the following is not an example of a public-private
health partnership?
Answers:
GAVI
IAVI
Roll Back Malaria
WHO
Question 8
Which of the following organizations is not an agency of the
United States government?
Answers:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Medical Research Council (MRC)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Peace Corps
Question 9
Which of the following statements is not true?
Answers:
High income countries generally spend more on health per
person in international dollars than low income countries
High income countries generally spend more on health per
person as a percentage of GDP than low income countries
Low income countries generally require patients to pay
out-of-pocket for a higher percentage of their health care costs than high
income countries
Low income countries generally require patients to spend a
higher percentage of their household incomes on health care than high income
countries
All of these statements are true
Question 10
Which statement about the IMF is not true?
Answers:
The IMF is owned by its nearly 180 member nations
The IMF issues bonds in order to be able to make loans
The IMF makes loans to countries of any income level
The IMF may require countries that accept loans to implement
a structural adjustment program as a condition for receiving a loan
All of the above statements are true
Question 11
Which of the following statements is true?
Answers:
Most health system funding in low income countries comes
from domestic sources
Most health system funding in low income countries comes
from high income countries
Question 12
Which statement about the World Bank is not true?
Answers:
Most of the World Bank’s loans are intended to be used for
specific infrastructure projects
Most of the World Bank’s loans to low income countries have
a 40 year repayment period
Most of the World Bank’s loans to middle income countries
have a slightly above market interest rate
The World Bank’s Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
(HIPC) Initiative has forgiven billions of dollars of debt from low income
countries
All of the above statements are true

M4 – Quiz
Question 1
Which is not a characteristic of a good public health or
medical research report?
Answers:
The article has been peer-reviewed and published in a
respected journal
The methods used to measure the exposures and health
outcomes of interest are described in detail
Most statistics are presented in the main text; there are
few tables and figures
The limitations of the study are acknowledged and discussed
All of the above are characteristics of a good research
report
Question 2
Which of the following bioethical principles says that a
research study should “do good”?
Answers:
Beneficence
Distributive justice
Nonmaleficence
Respect for persons
Question 3
What conclusion should be made when comparing the mean ages
of cases and controls in a case-control study if the p-value for the t-test
test is p=0.65?
Answers:
The means are different
The means are not different
Question 4
If the rate ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence interval for a
cohort study is RR = 1.1 (0.7, 1.6), what is the most appropriate conclusion
about the association between the exposure and the disease of interest?
Answers:
The exposure is a risk factor for the disease
There is no statistically significant association between
the exposure and the disease
The exposure is protective against the disease.
Question 5
Which observational study design recruits a representative
sample of a population, asks them to complete a survey, and uses that
information to get a “snapshot” of health status in the population at one point
in time?
Answers:
Case Series
Case-Control Study
Cohort Study
Prevalence (Cross-Sectional) Survey
Question 6
If the rate ratio (RR) and its 95% confidence interval for a
cohort study is RR = 2.0 (1.5, 2.6), what is the most appropriate conclusion
about the association between the exposure and the disease of interest?
Answers:
The exposure is a risk factor for the disease
There is no statistically significant association between
the exposure and the disease
The exposure is protective against the disease.

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