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The
following short essay assignment is designed to help prepare you for an
important part of the Final Paper. In this essay, you will do the following:
Choose either
utilitarian or deontological ethical theory to apply it to an ethical question.
Explain the core
principles of that theory.
Demonstrate how the
principles of the theory support a certain position on that question.
Articulate a relevant
objection to the theory on the basis of that argument.

Instructions

Write a five paragraph essay that conforms to the requirements below. The paper
must be 600 to 900 words in length (excluding title and reference pages) and
formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. The
paragraphs of your essay should conform to the following guidelines:

Introduction

The introduction should be one paragraph, no more than 120 words. This should
clearly delimit the ethical problem or question under consideration, and define
the essential issues. The last sentence of the introduction should briefly
summarize the conclusion or position on this issue that you think is best
supported by this theory, and succinctly state what the objection will be.
Remember that your essay will not be concerned with your own position on this
issue, but what someone defending the chosen theory would conclude.

Body Paragraphs

Each paragraph in the body should start with a topic sentence that clearly
identifies the main idea of the paragraph. Each paragraph should have at least
four sentences.
Theory explanation:

This should be approximately 150 to 200 words explaining the core principles or
features of the deontological or utilitarian theory and the general account of
moral behavior it provides.
You must quote from at
least one required resource that defends or represents that theory. Please
view thislist of acceptable
resources.
Application:

This should be approximately 150 to 200 words addressing how these principles
or features of the deontological or utilitarian theory apply to the problem or
question under consideration and identify the specific moral conclusion that
results when these theories are applied to that problem or question.
Your application
should clearly show how the conclusion follows from the main tenets of the
theory as addressed in the previous paragraph. Please see the associated
guidance for help in fulfilling this requirement.
Objection:

This should be approximately 150 to 200 words raising a relevant objection to
the argument expressed in part “b”. A relevant objection is one that
exposes a weakness in the theory as it applies to your problem, and so you
should explain how it brings out this weakness.
Note that this does
not necessarily mean that the objection succeeds, or that the conclusion the
theory supports is wrong. It may be an obstacle that any adequate defense of
the conclusion would have to overcome, and it may be the case that the theory
has the resources to overcome that obstacle. Your task here is simply to raise
the objection or present the “obstacle”.

Conclusion

The conclusion should be one paragraph, no more than 150 words. The conclusion
should very briefly summarize the main points of your essay and must contain a
paraphrased restatement of your thesis.

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