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IV. Standardizing Arguments.Determine whether each of the following passages contains an argument(s). If it contains an argument(s), determine which is the correct standard form.15. All dogs are mammals, and all cats are mammals, so apparently all cats are dogs. (a) No argument.(b) (1) All dogs are mammals. (2) All cats are mammals. Therefore, (3) All cats are not dogs.(c) (1) All cats are mammals. (2) All cats are not dogs. Therefore, (3) All dogs are not mammals. (d) (1) All dogs are mammals. (2) All cats are mammals. Therefore, (3) All cats are dogs. (e) None of the above.16. Allowing casino gambling in Georgia would increase the money for HOPE scholarships or it would increase the number of negative effects on society from gambling addiction. There is evidence that allowing casino gambling would channel more than $30 million into HOPE so casino gambling would not increase the number of negative effects on society from gambling addiction.(a) No argument.(b) (1) Allowing casino gambling in Georgia would generate more money for higher education. (2) Allowing casino gambling in Georgia would increase the negative effects on society from addiction.Therefore, (3) Allowing casino gambling in Georgia would lead to a mixed bag of consequences.(c) (1) Allowing casino gambling in Georgia would increase the money for HOPE scholarships or it would increase the number of negative effects on society from gambling addiction. (2) Allowing casino gambling in Georgia would increase the money for HOPE scholarships Therefore, (3) Allowing casino gambling in Georgia would not increase the number of negative effects on society from gambling addiction.(d) None of the above.V. True Premises and Proper FormDetermine whether these arguments pass the true premises (TP) and proper form (PF) tests by choosing one of the following responses for each of Questions 18—20.(a) Passes the true premises test and passes the proper form test. (b) Passes the true premises test and fails the proper form test. (c) Fails the true premises test and passes the proper form test. (d) Fails the true premises test and fails the proper form test. (e) None of the above.17. (1) Casino gambling provides an opportunity for an increase in gambling addiction.(2) Casino gambling provides an opportunity to add money to higher education scholarships.Therefore,(3) The economic impact of casino gambling in Georgia will be positive overall. 18. (1) Pizza is my favorite breakfast food.(2) Pizza is your favorite breakfast food.Therefore,(3) Pizza is the best breakfast food.19. (1) All computer geeks are mammals. (2) All mammals are animals. Therefore, (3) All computer geeks are animals.

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