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Week 1 discussion
DQ1 Preparing for the Summary of Research Findings
Your first writing assignment in WRTG 391 will be a Summary
of Research Findings. Please watch the
video– How to Read and Comprehend Scientific Research Articles: Summary of
Research Findings. The video is linked
to in the Content for this week. In addition, please read over the Template for
Taking Notes on Research Articles.
Respond to this discussion topic by answering the following
questions.
1. Name three strategies that you use to motivate yourself
to overcome difficulties when learning and researching.
2. In your opinion, what is the most important step to take
when reading research articles? According to the material you’ve watched and
read, what is the most important step to take when reading research articles?
3. What obstacles make finding “meaning” difficult
when reading a research article? What suggestions from the video and the
template will help one to overcome these obstacles to meaning?
4. After reviewing the topics possible to work with in the
Proposed Literature Review Topic Discussion Post, please reply here what
research topic as specifically as possible do you think that you will focus on
for this semester’s work (If you are in the process of obtaining approval on
your topic please just do your best to state what topic at this time you are
most interested in) ? Why?
5. After watching the first two library tutorials in the
Week 1 submodule, please find two articles on your chosen research topic for
the literature review and all coursework in the class (please be sure I have
approved it first which will be provided in the “Proposed Literature
Review” discussion in Week 1) that review and give the findings of a
research study. In responding to this
discussion topic, give the author(s), the title of the article, and a brief
one- or two-sentence description of the research study and its findings.
The activity in this last task will help you get started on
your Summary of Research Findings, which is writing assignment #1.

DQ2
Welcome to WRTG 391! Please introduce yourself to the rest
of the class. In your introduction, please state why you are taking WRTG 391,
something about your hobbies, where you live, and a little bit about why it is
important to you to develop research and writing skills better.
First impressions are very important so be sure to proofread
your work before posting, I will start things off by stating a few basics about
myself.

I am from Vienna/Oakton, Virginia originally. I rode horses
competitively growing up through college which was a big passion for me. I love
London and would live there if possible. I am working on a PhD focusing on the
successes and challenges of 40 and above-age learners who are pursuing their
four-year degrees. I live in Burtonsville, Maryland, have a husband and two
spoiled cats, and have been teaching writing and English in higher education
for the past 15 years.
Please post your introduction here by Friday, March 17 by
midnight, and respond to one classmate by Sunday, March 19 by midnight and
among the information you provide in that post, please ask them one question
regarding their posting which will help foster the getting acquainted process
all the more.

DQ3 Proposed Literature Review Topic
Please review the Assignment #3 information below and post a
short paragraph that states which topic and subtopic. For example, if
interested in #1(a)) for your literature review you would want to provide a
couple sentences about what your topic is of interest and what you hope to
learn through your research about this topic overall.
Choosing a Technological Transformations Topic:
Below are the four main topics for the literature review.
1. Review the literature on the impact of the Internet on
information literacy
and library skills.
For example, you might review the literature on one or more
of the following.
These are just examples. Many approaches are possible for
this topic.
a. The impact of the Internet on plagiarism in student
papers.
b. The impact of the Internet on research methods among
students.
c. The impact of Wikipedia and other web 2.0 applications on
the use of
information.
2. Review the literature on the impact of technology on the
health care field.
For example, you might review the literature on any one or
more of the
following. These are just examples. Many approaches are
possible for this topic.
a. The impact of a particular technological development on health
care costs.
b. The implications of maintaining a nationwide health care
electronic database
of every patient’s medical records.
3. Review the literature on the impact of assessment and
measurement on
education.
For example, you might review the literature on any one of
the following. These
are just examples. Many approaches are possible for this
topic.
a. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act and the use of
measurement in its
assessments.
b. The use of placement exams for entrance into colleges and
universities.
c. The use of placement exams for enrollment into
entry-level writing and
mathematics courses in colleges and universities.
d. The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
(STEM) movement in
education.
4. Review the literature on the impact of technology on a
field of study or topic
of your choice.
This option represents a more general approach to the
assignment.
Some examples might be the following. These are just examples.
Many
approaches are possible for this topic.
a. The impact of mobile devices on cybersecurity
b. The impact of the Internet on the field of advertising
c. The impact of cloud computing on a particular business
field
d. The impact of the Internet in an area of communication
studies
e. The impact of the Internet on global marketing strategies
f. The impact of a particular type of technology on health
care
g. The impact of technology on education in a particular
field of study
h. The impact of technology at a particular time in history
for a particular
country or region.
You will be following this topic throughout the course,
using it to develop a Summary of Research Findings, to create a critical
Annotated Bibliography, to synthesize a Literature Review, and to write a final
Niches and Gaps essay.

Week 2 discussion
DQ1 An Outline of the Writing Assignments in WRTG 391
In the Week 1 checklist, you found a link called,
“Video–On WA#1 Summary of Research Studies,” which outlines and
provides directions for completing the first formal writing assignment.
The video will also discuss methods for assessing sources
critically. You will use your analytic,
critiquing skills to develop a Summary of Research Findings. The Summary of
Research Findings assignment asks you to look closely at several sources and to
assess them using specific criteria: source citation, definitions/key terms,
focus of study, methodology, findings, and personal reflections.
Please watch the video introducing the WA#1: The Summary of
Research Findings and read the description of the WA#1 formal assignment.
After watching the video a few times, please answer the
following questions:
1. What aspect of the WA#1 assignment strikes you as the
most challenging? Why?
2. What skills will a student have to employ to successfully
complete WA#1?
3. How will those skills benefit a student when completing
the rest of the formal writing assignments in WRTG 391: WA#2 Critical Annotated
Bibliography, WA#3 Summary of Research Sources, and WA#4 Niches and Gaps Essay?
(You may need to read the descriptions of those assignments to help you to
answer this question.)
If not, please describe why you think there is not a logical
progression between two or more assignments.
Please write a paragraph of 5-10 sentences in responding.

DQ2 Practice in Writing a Critical Annotated Bibliography
Your second writing assignment in WRTG 391 will be a Critical
Annotated Bibliography.
After you have watched both of the following videos:
-Video on WA #2 — Approaching the Critical Annotated
Bibliography
and
-Video tutorial — How to Write an Annotated Bibliography
Please perform the following tasks:
Please access the article, “The CSI Effect at University:
Forensic Science Students’ Television Viewing and Perceptions of Ethical
Issue,” by Roslyn Weaver, Yenna Salamonson, Jane Koch, and Glenn Porter.
Here is the article also also: “The CSI Effect”
This article is in the e-reserves section of your
class. You can access the article by
taking the following steps:
Click Content
Select Class Resources
Select eReserves
Select the icon for eReserves in the middle of your page.
In the list of items that appears, locate the article and
download it.
After accessing the article, imagine that this is one of
your articles for your Critical Annotated Bibliography. Please complete the following in responding
to this discussion thread:
1. List the article in APA format, as the second video describes.
2. Write a 150-to-200-word summary/critique of the article
in which you not only summarize the article but also note what is scholarly and
strong about the source. Please refer to
the article “How to Write an Annotated Bibliography” here King-How to
help you in evaluating the strengths in this source, using two terms from the
list we will have reviewed in class from this article in the latter sentences
of your annotation.
Here is a good sample of correctly formatted annotated
entries as well: Sample Critical Annotated Bibliography 2017 to help give you a
boost.
In addition, mention whether it will be a possible article
for Writing Assignment #3.
Again, you are not necessarily using this article in your
Critical Annotated Bibliography.
However, this exercise is designed to help you become familiar with
listing a source in APA format and with writing a critical annotation for it.
Please also respond to one classmate using 1+1 feedback
which is explained in the Week 0 submodule by Sunday, March 26 by midnight,
providing one compliment on one aspect of the student’s post that is noteworthy
and one question on an aspect of the post that you feel would help to inquire
about more or make a suggestion on some aspect of the post that you feel you
can make a suggestion about to help in some way (i.e. APA format of the
student’s citation).

DQ3 Library Exercise #1
This discussion thread is designed to help you become
familiar with OneSearch. OneSearch is a
service that is available through UMUC’s Library and Information Services
website. It allows a user to locate
scholarly articles and other resources through a single search engine.
Please watch Library Tutorial #1.
Then respond to this discussion thread by answering the
following question and completing the following task:
1. What topic are you considering for your Critical
Annotated Bibliography (and all the coursework in 391)? In other words, on what
general area of interest are you going to locate 12 scholarly articles?
2. Find one article for your Annotated Bibliography using
the tips mentioned in the tutorial. Then
list the source in APA format and write your summary/critique of 150-200 words
using the format overviewed in class with the “How to Write an Annotated
Bibliography” article to provide two terms at the latter end of the
annotation that assess its scholarliness. Here is a Sample Critical Annotated
Bibliography 2017 also to help with the format.

Week 3 discussion
DQ1 Library Exercise #2
This discussion thread is designed to help you become
familiar with OneSearch. OneSearch is a
service that is available through UMUC’s Library and Information Services
website. It allows a user to locate
scholarly articles and other resources through a single search engine.
Please watch Library Tutorial #2.
Then respond to this discussion thread by answering the
following question and completing the following tasks:
1. Now that you have perused various articles on a topic
using OneSearch, has your topic changed or become more focused in any way? If so, please describe how it has
changed. If not, please state what your
topic is again.
2. Find another article for your annotated bibliography,
this time using subject terms, as Tutorial #2 describes. List the subject terms you used.
3. List the source in APA format and write your
summary/critique of 150-200 words using the format reviewed in class providing
two terms from the list in the “How to Write an Annotated
Bibliography” in the latter sentences of the annotation to assess the
scholarliness of the source. Here is a Sample Critical Annotated Bibliography
2017 as well to help with the format needed overall. Please do not attach a
document but type in your entry into the discussion box.
After completing this exercise, you will have completed two
annotations for your critical annotated bibliography. You are on your way to writing a successful
critical annotated bibliography.

DQ2- Library Exercise #3
This discussion thread is designed to help you become
familiar with OneSearch. OneSearch is a
service that is available through UMUC’s Library and Information Services
website. It allows a user to locate
scholarly articles and other resources through a single search engine.
Please watch Library Tutorial #3.
Then respond to this discussion thread by completing the
following tasks and answering the following questions:
1. Select two different additional databases on the
right-hand side of the OneSearch interface, as the video tutorial describes. What additional databases did you choose? Why did you choose these particular
databases?
2. Did you find any additional potential articles for your
research? If so, please post the name of
the article and why you feel it is useful to you. If not, please describe the types of articles
you found through this new method and why you did not feel they had the potential
to add to your research.
Please also provide one response to one of your classmates
by Sunday, April 2 by midnight using 1+1 feedback (making a suggestion on their
annotated bibliography format for improvement in a helpful way is a good idea
here).

Week 4 discussion
DQ1 Analyzing the
Results of Two Research Studies
This discussion task is designed to help you analyze some
research studies on the topic on which you will be writing WA #3.
To complete this task, you will read over the following two
articles:
Dante E. Mancini, “The “CSI Effect’ in an Actual Juror
Sample: Why Crime Show Genre May Matter.”
Janne A. Holmgren and Judith Fordham, “The CSI Effect and
the Canadian and the Australian Jury.”
To access the articles, please take the following steps:
click Content
select Class Resources
select eReserves
select the icon for eReserves in the middle of your page.
in the list of items that appears, locate the articles and
download them.
After you find these two articles, please read them over and
complete the following for each one:
List the source in APA format
List key terms in the article
Describe the focus of the study
Describe the methodology the author(s) used
Summarize the study’s findings
Write your reflections on the article itself. Comment on whether you found the study
difficult to interpret, whether you understood the methodology, or other items
that might be of interest to your fellow classmates.
This task will help you become more familiar with finding
research studies on your topic, reading them over, gleaning the main points of
them, and summarizing their findings.
These skills will be helpful as you continue to research for WA#3.

DQ2 Preparing for the Literature Review
Your third writing assignment in WRTG 391 will be a
synthesis of sources essay, often called a literature review.

Please watch video on WA #3 — approaching the synthesis of
sources essay. Then complete the
following task.
Imagine that you are working for department within a large
company. The manager of your department
is considering allowing workers in your department to telework, in other words,
to work from home.
However, your manager is not sure what to expect from this
possible change.
She is not sure what the advantages, pitfalls, unexpected
issues, etc. are of allowing teleworking. For example, she is not sure whether
workers become less productive because they will be working from home and not
supervised. She also considers the
possibility that workers will become more productive because they won’t have to
worry about traffic and parking. They
won’t have to take large amounts of time off to get children to a doctor’s
appointment, to see a doctor themselves, to take care of errands, etc. It is possible that working from home will
improve productivity.
Other questions abound in her mind. For example, how many days a week should the
workers be allowed to telework? Should
they be limited to one day? Two
days? Or should they be unlimited to
telework as many days as they would like per week?
In addition, she is not sure if everyone should be allowed
to telework or if perhaps only people in certain positions should be allowed to
telework. For example, she knows that
the janitor cannot telework. His job
could not be done at a distance. But
some individuals could telework, as their jobs involve meetings and other
functions that could be accomplished at a distance.
Overall, your manager is somewhat at a loss on this issue.
Your manager has asked you to review the literature on
teleworking. She has asked that you
submit a literature review to her next month on the topic of teleworking.
From what you have gleaned in this class about what a
literature review is, what is your manager asking you to do?
Does she want a proposal that supports a new teleworking
arrangement?
Does she want a persuasive paper that takes a stand against
teleworking?
Or does she want something entirely different from those two
options?

Week 5 discussion
DQ1 Developing Categories for the Literature Review
Here are lots of resources to help students understand the
Literature Review. Please browse these resources and then complete the
discussion post below.
The article by Ted Zorn and Nittaya Campbell,
“Improving the Writing of Literature Reviews through Literature
Integration Exercise” — this article is available in the e-reserves
section of this class (and for those of you in the Week 4 Face-to-Face class I
handed this out). To access the article,
please take the following steps:
click Content
select Class Resources
select eReserves
select the icon for eReserves in the middle of your page.
in the list of items that appears, locate this article and
download it.
The tutorial from The University of North Carolina on
writing literature reviews. It is linked
to at the top of the Content for this week.
The tutorial from UMUC’s Effective Writing Center on writing
the literature review. It is linked to at
the top of the Content for this week.
Task:
After reviewing the material on the Literature Review posted
above, please return to your annotated bibliography and begin developing
“categories” to help you to organize your sources. Post one category
below and list several sources that might fill that category. Remember that
some sources may fall into more than one category.
Please respond generously to at least one of your fellow
classmates using 1+1 feedback format of providing one compliment on an aspect
of the post that is strong or noteworthy and why and providing one suggestion
on how the content in the post could be stronger perhaps in some way with the
possible themes the student is brainstorming about their topic.

DQ2 Visual Mapping — Applying the Spider Diagram
You can use a “ Spider Diagram” to help you to structure
your discussion of sources in The Literature Review as well as to brainstorm
the niches and gaps in the research literature. A spider diagram is a visual
tool usually used for planning your writing. However, you can also use it for
evaluating and thinking about a topic in detail.

NOTE: Embedded here below are some excellent examples of
previous Spider Diagrams for a boost.
Lindahl_visualmap
Sample Student Spidergram
Print out your Literature Review notes and grab a blank
piece of paper.
For more information on the Spider Diagram, please visit the
link at the top of this week’s Content, Spider Diagrams: How and Why They Work.
Task :
Write your idea/title/topic/thesis in the center of a piece
of paper. Draw a circle around it. For
the purposes of this exercise, you will use the topic of your Literature
Review.
Draw a “leg” from the central “body” of
your Literature Review topic towards the top right hand corner of the page.
Label this “leg” with the first topic/category that you dealt with in
your Review.
Add more legs moving clockwise around the page until all the
sections have been included, with the final one being somewhere near the top
left of the page.
Now divide each “leg” up into smaller
“legs” with all the points that you made in each section. (Again work
clockwise from the top left so that the sequence of ideas is maintained).
Finally, please be sure that one section is devoted to
identifying any gaps or niches in the research literature in your synthesis of
sources essay (literature review), or WA#3.
You may have to redraw your spider diagram several times
until you find a structure that works for you. Make sure that you find a
proposal structure that suits the needs of your Niches and Gaps paper. Please
post your spider diagram below.
Respond to this discussion topic with one paragraph
describing how this task might have helped you or why it did not help you in
organizing your thoughts for WA#3.

Week 6 discussion
DQ1 Synthesizing Sources — Four Movie Reviews of
“Steve Jobs
* After you complete your post due this Friday, April 21 by
midnight, please be sure to post to one classmate of your choosing (preferably
who has not received a response) and provide feedback explaining what is
noteworthy about their post and why in a sentence regarding the classmate’s
synthesis process overall.
This week , you are reading four movie reviews of the movie Steve Jobs. The reviews are from Ann Hornaday, Rex Reed,
Benjamin Lee, and Anthony Lane.

After perusing the four movie reviews, please complete the
following tasks:
The four reviewers do not agree on their evaluation of the acting
in the film.
1. First, analyze all four reviewers and, for each reviewer,
write at least one summary sentence describing what the review says about the
acting in the film. In addition, for
each reviewer, quote the reviewer at least one time to demonstrate the
sentiment he or she expresses about the acting.
Ann Hornaday-
Summary statement:
Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:
Rex Reed-
Summary statement:
Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:
Benjamin Lee-
Summary statement:
Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:
Anthony Lane –
Summary statement:
Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:
2. Then, write three or four short paragraphs that
synthesize all four reviewers and the points they make on the acting in the
film. Remember, when synthesizing, you
don’t simply list what each author says about the topic. You write about the issue of acting in the
film and integrate the points of all four reviewers into that analysis.
You could group authors into categories, if possible. For example, consider the reviewers that tend
to praise the acting and write about them in a paragraph or two. Then consider the reviewers that did not like
the acting and write about them in a paragraph or two. Following this analysis, you might write a
concluding paragraph that summarizes all four reviewers’ views on the acting.

DQ2 Analyzing a Literature Review, Part I
This discussion thread is designed to help you see how a
synthesis of sources essay, or literature review, is organized.

Please download the article, “Beyond Frequency: Perceived
Realism and the CSI Effect,” by Evelyn Maeder and Richard Corbett. The article is available in the e-reserves of
your class.
On pages 84-85, the authors provide an introduction to the
research study they conducted. You can
read this section if you would like to.
However, for this discussion thread, please read from page 85 “(“The CSI
effect defined”) to page 94 (up to the section entitled “Method”).
Then answer the following questions:
1. In the first section (“The CSI effect defined”), do the
authors ever give you their opinion on the CSI effect? How do they support their definition and
their expansion on the definition? How
many different sources do they cite in this section?
2. From pages 86-88, the authors discuss lawyers, police
officers, judges, and community members.
In this section, do the authors ever give you their opinion on any of
the issues discussed?
3. Examine the
section entitled “Verdicts” (pp. 90-92).
How do the results from the study by Shelton et al. differ from the
results of the study by Kim, Barak, and Shelton? How do the results of the study by Baskin
and Sommers differ from the results of other studies?
4. As a result of having read this article, please write a
few sentences about what you might have learned about a) synthesizing sources
or b) the CSI effect.

Week 7 discussion
Analyzing a Literature Review, Part II
This discussion thread is designed to further help you see
how a synthesis of sources essay, or literature review, is organized.
Please download the sample literature from the 100-level
psychology class.
Sample_Lit Review_with Notes_391.docx
Please note that this literature review is more informal
than the one on the CSI effect by Maeder and Corbett that you read last
week. You will notice a level of
informality in its tone and language. In
addition, it is not perfect in its synthesis of sources. Moreover, the author cites only six sources
throughout the review. Overall, this is
a literature review written for a 100-level class.
Please keep in mind that you literature review might not be
as sophisticated as the one by Maeder and Corbett. Nonetheless, it provides a helpful
demonstration of how one can analyze studies, synthesize sources, and divide a
review into categories.
Please answer the following questions:
1. In the introduction, what is the thesis statement for
this paper?
2. In this section, the author mentions limits to the study
by Oliver and Wardle. What are the
limits of this study, according to the writer?
3. In the section “Influence of Eating Behavior on Later
Moods,” the writer cites only one source. If you were to give her advice on
this section, what advice might you give her to help her develop it more
effectively? Feel free to search in the
library databases for articles on this topic or to suggest key words for her to
search on.
4. As a result of having read this article, please write a
few sentences about what you might have learned about synthesizing sources.
Please provide one response to one classmate using 1+1
feedback (please refer to the Week Zero folder in the main Content if needed on
correct use of this response format) by Sunday, April

Week 8 discussion
share your gaps and unanswered questions
We are now in our final week of class. This discussion thread is designed to help
you focus your thoughts for WA #4 and to share your points with your fellow
classmates.
As you prepare to write WA #4, the short essay describing
gaps and unanswered questions, please respond to this thread with the following:
Share you gaps and unanswered questions that you plan to
write about for WA #4.
You can write a short paragraph to share your points

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